Note: 09/07/09 Morning


[Conditional Expressions]

1st conditional : Good chance

  • If he [comes|is] late today, the teacher will get angry.

2nd conditional : Very small chance or no chance

  • If I met MJ, I would tell him “thank you.”

3rd conditional : Past

  • If I hadn’t …
Answering expressions for conditional questions

If that happen(s), …
If that happen(ed), …

I’m going to …
I’ll definitly …
I’ll probably …

If it [were|was] up to me,

I’d …
I might …

That’s a [pessimistic|cynical] view of love.
That’s an idealistic view of love.


  • work long hard hours under high time pressure
  • leads to overload and (mental) burnout
  • set high standards which are extremely difficult to maintain
  • take work home
  • misunderstand by superiors
  • compete with themselves
  • feel frustrated by their work situation


  • harden up!
  • * worsen : [verb] make or become worse
  • * overcome : [verb] succeed in dealing with (a problem or difficulty)
  • * obstacle : [noun] a thing that blocks one’s way or prevents or hinders progress
  • have the edge on
  • * consequence (=effect) : [noun] a result or effect of an action or condition
  • * implication : [noun] the conclusion that can be drawn from something, although it is not explicitly stated
  • * wane (=weaken) : [verb] (of the moon) have a progressively smaller part of its visible surface illuminated, so that it
  • appears to decrease in size
  • take on a role
  • * assume (=take on) : [verb] suppose to be the case, without proof
  • slacking off : decrease in quantity or intensity
  • * cohort : [noun]  a group of people banded together or treated as a group
  • * aspect (=feature) : [noun] a particular part or feature of something
  • mental burnout
  • * burnout : [noun] physical or mental collapse caused by overwork or stress
  • * spurious : [adjective] not being what it purports to be; false or fake
  • set high standards
  • * gross : [adjective] unattractively large or bloated
  • * bloat : [verb] cause to swell with fluid or gas
  • take a broader view of things
  • look at the wider picture
  • to have a bad attitude towards …